Applying for work
Section 8(1) of the Alberta Human Rights Act (AHR Act) prohibits discrimination based on a protected ground in the area of employment application and advertisements and in the making of written or oral inquiries of job applicants. This means that employers cannot discriminate against job applicants based on their race, religious beliefs, colour, gender, gender identity, gender expression, physical disability, mental disability, age, ancestry, place of origin, marital status, source of income, family status or sexual orientation.
Employers are required to ensure that applications, advertisements, and inquiries focus on the ability of an applicant to do a job rather than preferences or requirements that relate to a protected ground. The AHR Act prohibits discrimination through:
- the use or circulation of employment applications or advertisements or
- inquires, including interview questions,
that directly or indirectly express any limitation, specification, or preference indicating discrimination based on a protected ground or that require an applicant to furnish information concerning the protected grounds of that person or of any other person.
Most employment positions have key duties. It is the employer's role to decide the key duties of a job. Where a qualification or requirement being used in the hiring process prevents or discourages a person from applying for a position for reasons related to a protected ground, the employer must demonstrate that the qualifications or requirements are necessary to perform the key duties of the position as a bona fide occupational requirement.
For example, if an employer requires applicants to be able to lift heavy weights, the employer must show that this ability is a bona fide occupational requirement. In making this assessment, consideration needs to be given to possible modifications of the duty, including through the availability of assistive devices such as hoists and other lifting systems. This would be important to an applicant whose ability to lift is restricted because of a disability such as a permanent shoulder injury.
Similarly, if an employer requires a male aid for a male patient in a healthcare setting, the employer must be able to show that being male is a bona fide occupational requirement. This would be important to a female nurse applying for a position in a long-term care facility.
You can read more about:
Revised: April 11, 2017
The Alberta Human Rights Commission is an independent commission of the Government of Alberta.
Due to confidentiality concerns, the Commission cannot reply to complaints of discrimination by email. Please contact the Commission by phone or regular mail if you have a specific complaint.
You can access information about making FOIP requests for records held by the Commission on our Contact us page.
The Commission will make publications available in accessible formats upon request for people with disabilities who do not read conventional print.